Elections Canada reports final election results

With 99.8 % of the polls counted the results are as follows:

Liberals 184 seats 6,930,136 votes 54% of seats and 39.4% of the votes

Conservatives 99 seats 5,600,496 votes 29.3% seats and 31.9% of votes

New Democratic Party 44 seats 3,461,262 votes 13 % seats and 19.7% of votes

Bloc Québécois 10seats 818,652 votes 3% of seats 4.7 % of votes

Green party 1 seat 605,864 votes 3.4 % of votes 0.3 % of the seats

Total votes cast 17,559,353
Total eligible registered voters 25,368,379 voter turn out 68.4% does not include voters who registered on election day. There were 19 other parties, as well as independents, who ran in the election who with the exception of the independents 40,000 votes, Libertarians 37,407, and the Christian Heritage Party 15,284 received fewer than 10,000 votes each.

The results show a clear Liberal victory but one which the first past the post system exaggerates and unfairly penalizes three, of the leading opposition parties the NDP, the BQ and the Greens. The Conservatives had a very efficient vote distribution winning in seats close to their share of the popular vote.In a proportional system they would have had 108 seats rather than 99. The Greens with 3.4 % of the vote in a proportional system would have got 11-12 seats rather than one. The NDP with 19.7% would have got 66-7 seats rather than 44 and the Liberals would have received 133-4 seats rather than their 184. The BQ would have elected 16 seats rather than the ten they received.

The Liberals were awarded one seat for every 37,663 votes; the Conservatives one for every 56,570 votes; the NDP one for every 78,665 votes, BQ one for every  81,865 votes and the Greens, 605,864 votes for only one seat.

Let us now see what this Parliament does about reforming our voting system to strengthen its democratic efficacy since the new Governing Liberal party has committed itself during the election to studying and implementing a reform of the system.

If we also examine the change in vote from 2011 it is striking to note that the Liberal party increased its vote from 2011 by 4,1156,961 votes. The New Democrats lost 1,047,212 votes compared to 2011 while the Conservatives only lost 231,905 votes compared to 2011. The total of votes cast rose to 17,559,353 as compared to over 14.6 million votes cast in 2011. This means that most of these new votes went to the Liberals along with the most of the lost NDP and Conservative votes from 2011. Some voters from 2011 have passed on or did not vote as well.So the Liberals were very successful in bringing out new voters. The New Democrats were very unsuccessful in holding on to their vote from 2011.

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About haroldchorneyeconomist

I am Professor of political economy at Concordia university in Montréal, Québec, Canada. I received my B.A.Hons (econ.&poli sci) from the University of Manitoba. I also completed my M.A. degree in economics there. Went on to spend two years at the London School of Economics as a Ph.D. student in economics and then completed my Ph.D. in political economy at the University of Toronto. Was named a John W.Dafoe fellow, a CMHC fellow and a Canada Council fellow. I also was named a Woodrow Wilson fellow in 1968 after completing my first class honours undergraduate degree. Worked as an economist in the area of education, labour economics and as the senior economist with the Manitoba Housing and Renewal Corporation for the Government of Manitoba from 1972 to 1978. I also have worked as an economic consultant for MDT socio-economic consultants and have been consulted on urban planning, health policy, linguistic duality and public sector finance questions by the governments of Manitoba, Saskatchewan,the cities of Regina and Saskatoon, Ontario and the Federal government of Canada. I have also been consulted by senior leaders of the British Labour party, MPs from the Progressive Conservative party, the Liberal party and the New Democrats on economic policy questions. Members of the Government of France under the Presidency of Francois Mitterand discussed my work on public sector deficits. I have also run for elected office at the municipal level. I first began to write about quantitative easing as a useful policy option during the early 1980s.
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