Fall 2019 Poli 204 A course outline (under construction)

Poli 204  A/ 2019 Concordia university
Introduction to Canadian Politics
Professor Harold Chorney 
Course outline including essay topics list

Wed. 2:45-5:30 FG C070

Office hours Tuesday 4:30 to 5:30 Wed 1:30 -2:25 .

The study of Canadian politics is a complex field which draws upon a number of traditions in Canadian political science including institutionalism, political behaviour, political theory, international politics, political economy, history, judicial and constitutional history and economic history. In a broad survey course lasting a single term we can only touch upon a number of key aspects of the field. In my view some knowledge of the key economic and political history of Canada and its initial colonial relationship to Great Britain and France and its relationship to the great republic to the south , the United States is essential in making sense of Canadian politics and its political history. The ongoing debate about the place of Québec in Canada can only be properly understood in the light of Canadian history and the history of the French fact in the founding of the country. Much has changed in Canada over its history. New France in the 18th century had a European origin  population of about 70,000. In 1867 the population of Canada was 3.46 million people excluding the first nations’ population of about 120,000 people.In 1913 the population was 7.63 million. In 1941 Canada had a population of about 11.5 million people. Its population today according to Statistics Canada is over 36 million. Whereas in the 1940s and fifties the major groups were those of British or French background and people from other ethnicities constituted less than twenty percent of the population this third group has grown substantially in importance. The first nations’ and indigenous population is now estimated to be over 1.4 million.

Canada can no longer be understood as a British country or a former French colony. This in strong contrast to the Canada of the early 1950s when both the Union Jack and the Red Ensign flew on the flagpole of my elementary school in Winnipeg and we were considered British subjects. Rather Canadian nationality has come into its own based as it is on a wide range of ethnicities , founding peoples and nations and immigrants from all over the world. We will likely be a nation of more than 40 million in the not too distant future and have in much of the country a strong pan-Canadian national sensibility. Yet at the same time, Québec maintains its identity as the very successful product of more than 4 centuries of French dominant presence in North America. This French presence and identity is also strong in several other regions of the country notably New Brunswick, Ontario and Manitoba. The partly bilingual character of Canada and the tension over Québec’s place in Canada are creative if difficult elements of the Canadian nation making process.
On October 19th, 2015 Canadians went to the polls to elect a new Parliament. This election was a very closely hard fought election with three major parties each according to the poll of polls having had a good chance initially to elect the largest number of members and form a minority government. In the end it produced a majority Trudeau led Liberal government.

We will discuss the election and the current election in detail, including the leading policy issues, the nature of the voting system, the differences between the parties, Canadian electoral history and the issue of getting younger Canadians to vote in much larger numbers. The election of a majority government under the leadership of Justin Trudeau a son of a former Prime Minister, Pierre Elliot Trudeau and a coalition of liberals, liberal progressives, environmentalists and liberal social democrats stands in sharp contrast to the recent electoral experience in the USA. Our complex but close trade relationship with the USA under the new Trump Republican administration has  strongly affected Canada and its democracy as anti free trade sentiments work their way through Congress, the White House and the halls of public opinion. We will face serious economic challenges if the protectionist anti- NAFTA nationalist sentiments apparently held  by the Congress toward the new agreement are not moderated. . We also face a potentially very dangerous situation should there not be a peaceful diplomatic resolution of the dispute over North Korea acquiring nuclear weapons and the means of delivering them to North American targets.

Text :Eric Mintz, Livianna Tossutti and Christopher Dunn, Canada’s Politics:Democracy, Diversity and Good Government. Pearson , 2017. Available at text bookstore.

Evaluation: An essay due in the first week of November on a topic chosen from a list of possible topics included in the list of possible essay topics below. 50 %. A final exam 50 %.

Additional reading: I draw upon several other works in Canadian history and Canadian politics . These include Alvin Finkel and Margaret Conrad’s two volume History of the Canadian Peoples vol.1 Beginning to 1867 (1993) vol.2 3rd ed. 1867 to the present; C.B.Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism:Hobbes to Locke;Stanley Ryerson, French Canada; Unequal Union; Craig Brown, the illustrated history of Canada, 2002; Donald Creighton, The Road to Confederation:The Emergence of Canada; Harold Innis, Essays in Canadian Economic History, Rand Dyck& Christopher Cochrane, Canadian Politics Critical Approaches; Stephen Brooks, Canadian Democracy, Oxford U Press, 2012. Michael Hart, A Trading Nation:Canadian Trade Policy from Confederation to Globalization, 2002. Mel Watkins and W. Easterbrook, Approaches to Canadian Economic History, 1969.Bob Rae,Whats’s Happened to Politics. Simon&Schuster, 2015; Richard Pound, Canadian Facts and Dates,Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 2005.

  Course Topics:

  1. Introduction and overview. The last Canadian federal election, issues , polls and media spin.The electoral system and the need for reform.The recent American election and its impact upon Canada.The economics of full employment and the impact of globalization and growing inequality.
  2. Geography and Economic history: the role of the staple in French Canada and British North America.Readings and sources: Mintz et al, Canada’s Politics, pp.1-51, pp.91-120; Finkel & Conrad, History of the Canadian Peoples vol.1 & 2; pp.1-208 in vol.2, pp. tba; Michael Hart, A Trading Nation:Canadian Trade Policy from Colonization to Globalization ch.1,2&3. Stanley Ryerson, Unequal Union:Confederation and the Roots of the Conflict in the Canadas 1815-1873; Stephen Clarkson, Does North America exist? Governing the continent after NAFTA and 9/11.Mel Watkins, A Staple Theory of Economic Growth, D.Drache, Harold Innis and Canadian Capitalist Development, and Claire Pentland, The Development of a Capitalistic Labour Market in Canada all in G.Laxer ed, Perspectives on Canadian Economic Development,Oxford U. Press, 1991. J.Bhagwati ,Protectionism; Arghi Emmanuel, Unequal Exchange:A study of the Imperialism of Trade.
  3. Indigenous peoples in pre European Canada. Indigenous Rights and Governance. The Riel rebellions Manitoba and Québec.
  4. The conquest and its legacy.Québec nationalism in twentieth and twenty-first century Canada.
  5. Democracy and the Liberal democratic state.The 1837 rebellions and the chartists. The roots of confederation and the Canadian constitution. Canadian political culture. Gender politics. Identity politics.
  6. The clash between labour and capital in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and its impact upon Canadian politics and the political party system.
  7. The Canadian economy, the business cycle, free trade , globalization, unemployment, inequality and regional disparities.
  8. Canada as an urban nation. The growth of diversity. Canada’s treatment of its minorities. Québec nationalism and Canadian federalism.
  9. Canadian political culture and our place in global politics. The other North America.
  10. Political parties, interest groups and social movements. Democratic reform.
  11. The constitution and the Charter of Rights. The Federal system and the economics of federalism.
  12. The institutions of government: Parliament and the power of the Prime Minister.
  13. The judiciary and the courts.
  14. Summary and Review.

Essay Topics for the TermAssignment: Due the first Wednesday in November i.e. Nov. 6 . Write an essay of between 9-10 pages on one of the following topics. The essay must include a bibliography of sources consulted. Sources should include scholarly books, articles from academic journals and where appropriate the quality press, for example The Globe and Mail, The New York Times, Le Devoir, Toronto Star, The Wall Street Journal. Use a manual of style and proper citation and include a reference to it in your bibliography.

 Essay Topics:
1.“The Quebec Charter of Values and the bill 21 on religious symbols  was rooted in the Quebec nationalist opposition to Canadian federalism and the nationalists’ rejection of multiculturalism.” Discuss critically explaining the roots of the debate over values in Quebec, the goal of a secular society in the light of Quebec history and your assessment of the claim that this Charter was simply a legitimate expression of the need to protect Quebec’s culture.

  1. How can C.B. Macpherson’s notion of possessive individualism be used to construct a theory of Canadian politics? Explain his theory and explore Canada’s class cleavages and political economy in your essay.
  2. Foreign ownership and control of the Canadian economy is still an issue of considerable importance in Canada’s political economy. Explain why and discuss how it has been integrated into our politics in the past and its current status.
  3. Does Canada’s voting system of first-past-the-post need to be reformed? What alternative systems are there? How would they work? Why would they be better and how could they be implemented?
  4. Discuss the power of the Prime Minister and his/her office. What checks if any need          to be placed on it?  What countervailing powers and influences are available in Canadian democracy?
  5. What ought to be Canada’s role in global affairs? Are we a peacemaker or a powder monkey ?
  6. Discuss the relationship of Canada to the U.S. Given the close economic integration that the free trade pact has promoted explore what challenges this poses to our sovereignty and independence. If NAFTA negotiations fail what ought our trade strategy be.
  7. Analyze the problem of unemployment. What role has government economic policy played in this problem? What is the role of the Bank of Canada and the Department of Finance in managing this problem? Explain the competing approaches of Keynesianism versus monetarism with respect to this problem.
  8. Discuss Canadian economic history from the point of view of staple development ?Does staple theory still have explanatory power in the twenty first century?
  9. Discuss the struggle for responsible democratic government in Canada and its roots in the 1837 rebellions, the Riel rebellion, the struggle of the suffragettes for women’s voting rights and the struggle of the indigenous people for their rights.
  10. What role have trade unions played in Canada’s political and economic development ? How have they enhanced democracy? What is their role in an increasingly globalized world economy?
  11. Discuss the evolution of indigenous rights and governance in Canada.
  12. Discuss the recent Canadian election. In the end what do you believe determined the outcome: policy differences, the image of the party leader; regional differences; ideology; economic circumstances or media manipulation? What can polling tell us about this? Does the election show us the need for reforming the electoral system?
  13. Discuss Canada and free trade in the context of globalization. How can we break free from excessive dependence on an uncertain American market? What differences has the new Trump administration made to the Canada U.S. relationship and how should Canada respond?
  14. Discuss gender issues in Canadian politics.
  15. Discuss the importance of environmental issues and climate change in Canadian politics.
  16. Discuss the housing crisis in Canada. What policies are necessary to deal with it?



Statistics Canada found the median net worth of Canadian families had risen … The report comes amid growing concern about widening income inequality in many .


Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Pol. 610  Macro-economic policy-making after Keynes (under construction)

Concordia University

fall 2019

Prof. H. Chorney tel. 848 2424 ext.2106 

e mail harold.chorney@concordia.ca

Office hours tba

This course is an intensive examination of macro-economic policy-making and macro-economic theory in the light of recent and earlier global developments, including the crisis and fraud in global financial markets, the sub prime mortgage market crisis, the accompanying collapse in asset backed commercial paper and the Keynesian backed recovery now the longest recession free recovery in post war history, the original fear of the possibility of a double dip recession and the recrudescence of monetarism, deficit hysteria and laissez-faire in certain conservative circles.

It examines in close detail the problems of inflation,deflation,disinlation, public finance, unemployment, recession,depression, stagflation and economic growth and the financial markets in the light of the work of John Maynard Keynes and his interpreters, co-creators and supporters like Michal Kalecki , Joan Robinson, R.F.Kahn, J.K.Galbraith, Abba Lerner, Hyman Minsky, Robert Eisner, Paul Davidson on the one hand and Friedrich Von Hayek,Lionel Robbins, Milton Friedman, Harry Johnson, David Laidler, Robert Lucas, Gregory Mankiw and their followers on the other hand, as well as the neo-classical synthesis that draws from both schools.

In addition, we shall examine certain aspects of the contemporary political economy and explore the bursting bubble in high technology in 2000 and the 2007-09 collapse of the financial markets, as well as the current turbulence over the periodic collapse in world oil and commodity prices; aspects of globalization and their impact upon growth theory as well as,the election battles  of Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton’s and Bernie Sanders’ campaign for election against a Republican party that originally rejected Keynesian policy but now under Trump partly embraces aspects of it; the surprise victory of the economic nationalist Donald Trump and his anti regulation politics;the Canadian success of Justin Trudeau running on a moderate Keynesian platform and the challenges he faces in trying to win a second mandate;the  credit crisis, the revenge of the bond markets in Europe and the ECB and Greece and shifting attitudes in public opinion and policy towards Keynesian intervention and planning and away from strict laissez-faire.

From 2008 a modest New Deal style Keynesian Intervention was  introduced by the Obama administration including substantial investment in infrastructure and reregulation of the banking, financial, energy and transportation sectors. This had stabilized the slump that followed the financial crash . Growth resumed although it was not initially robust but it is now prolonged so that the current recovery is the longest in US post war history. It may now be threatened by global turbulence in trade relations, including a trade war with China initiated by President Trump and policy error from the Federal Reserve.  Some doubts still remain among skeptics  that the recession is truly over and a double dip can be avoided. Nevertheless there is considerable evidence that Keynes is back and that his theories once brought up to date by innovations like quantitative easing or temporarily monetizing some of the debt (an innovation that I first proposed in detail in a number of scholarly articles and monographs in the early 1980s and nineties, but whose roots lie in the work of John Maynard Keynes and his circle in the early 1930s (see  my papers on Keynes and the origins of quantitative easing and on the 75th anniversary of the General Theory posted  on this site in June 2011)  These innovations are clearly sound and are very effective in fighting recessions and reversing slumps. The dogma of the past twenty-five years that unregulated markets work best and are always rational is now partly eclipsed by both events and public opinion. The previous Canadian political party obsessive consensus on balanced budgets and fiscal prudence is now clearly anachronistic in the light of events in the global economy.

The course includes an intensive examination of the economic, political and social thought of Keynes, the relationship between Keynes and Bloomsbury, the way in which his ideas were received, interpreted and applied and the revolution and then counterrevolution in thinking which his work provoked. The clash between Keynesianism and Milton Friedman’s monetarism is explored in detail. An attempt is made to present the rudiments of an alternative theory of macro-economic performance that is more consistent with contemporary reality and incorporates insights from both schools. Presentation is through lectures and seminars. Extensive reading is expected of all students.

The severe recessions of the early 1980s and 1990s and the growing fear of disinflation becoming deflation in the first decades of the 21st century and the current shocks to global financial markets and national economies serve as the contemporary backdrop for the course. The controversies over the public sector debt and deficit,the use of surpluses, the neglect of infrastructure, full employment and the role of the state in modern capitalist society are thoroughly explored.

Texts and Basic readings and films. (All students should view the film The big short and several of the other documentary style films made about the crash. A good guide to them is available on Moyers and Company:Six films on the financial crisis Jan.27, 2012.( Text *)

John Maynard Keynes, The General Theory of Employment, Interest

and Money *

Hassan Bougrine and Mario Seccareccia  eds. Introducing macroeconomic analysis, Edmund Montgomery publications ltd. Toronto *

Robert Reich, Saving Capitalism for the Many Not the Few*

Richard Parker, John Kenneth Galbraith: his life, his economics , his politics. recommended reading selected chapters.

Athol Fitzgibbons, Keynes Vision * (several copies will be circulated among students )

Joseph Stiglitz, Freefall:Free Markets and the Sinking of theGlobal Economy *, N.Y. : W.W.Norton, 2010

Peter Clarke, Keynes:the Rise, Fall, and Return of the 20th Century’s Most Influential Economist,  *strongly recommended 

Richard Davenport Hines, Universal Man:the Seven Lives of John Maynard Keynes
Paul Krugman, End This Depression Now.
 N.Y.Berlin&London:Bloomsbury Press, 2009.  *

Ben Bernanke,The Courage to Act:A Memoir of a Crisis and its Aftermath

Frank Stilwell, Political Economy: The Contest of Economic Ideas(highly recommended for students with limited economics background)

David Wessel, In Fed We Trust        

Trust: Ben Bernanke’s War on the Great Panic, How the Federal Reserve Became the Fourth Branch of Government, New York:Random House, Crown Business, 2009.

Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (recommended )

Harold Chorney, The deficit papers *(available through me)

Haroldchorneypoliticaleconomist blog available on the internet

Haroldchorneyeconomist.com current web site and blog on internet begun

Scott Patterson, The Quants:How a New Breed of Math Whizzesconquered Wall street and Nearly destroyed It

Kevin Phillips, Bad

Money: Reckless Finance, Failed politics, and the Global Crisis of American Capitalism (Viking, 2008)

The Rotman School ofManagement, The Finance Crisis and Rescue:what went wrong?why? what lessons can be learned? U of Toronto Press, 2008

John Maynard Keynes, Essays in Persuasion (Reserve)

The Economic Consequences of the Peace

Treatise of Money, Vol 1 & vol 2(Reserve)

Henry M. Paulson, Jr.On the brink: Inside the Race to Stop the

Collapse of the Global Financial System, N.Y. Grand central publishing, Hachette, 2010

Charles Kindleberger, Manias,Panics and Crashes:A History of Financial Crises,London:Macmillan,1978

Scott Patterson, The Quants:How a New Breed of Math Whizzes Conquered Wall Street and Nearly Destroyed It, New York Crown business,2010.

Michael Lewis, The Big Short: Inside the Doomsday Machine, N.Y. :Norton, 2010.

Justin Fox, The myth of the rational market,A history of risk, reward and delusion on Wall  Street,N.Y. Harper, 2011.

Simon Johnson and James Kwak, 13 bankers: The Wall Street Takeover and the Next Financial Meltdown, New York :Vintage, 2011.

Gordon Brown, Beyond the crash:Overcoming the First Crisis

of Globalization, N.Y.,London, Toronto &Sidney, Free Press

The General Theory and After: Preparation Vol.13,C.W. (R)       The General Theory and After: Defense and Development Vol.14 C.W.


The General Theory and After: A Supplement Vol.29 ( R )

Robert Skidelsky, John Maynard Keynes, Vols 1 & 2 &3 (R )

 Robert Skidelsky, Keynes The Return of the Master *

Donald Moggridge,John Maynard Keynes: An Economist’s Biography (R )

Harold Chorney, Revisiting Deficit Hysteria in Labour/Le Travail Fall 2004 No.54, pp.245-258. * (available on internet) *

Harold Chorney, The Deficit and Debt Management: An Alternative to Monetarism * (Reserve)

Harold Chorney, After the Crash:Rediscovering Keynes and the Origins of Quantitative Easing paper presented to the Eastern Economics Association, New York,Feb. 27, 2011. (posted on this site June 3, 2011) *

Harold Chorney, John Maynard Keynes and the General Theory after 75 Years:Preface to a Presentation to the Canadian Economics Association Special Panel on” Reconsidering Keynes in a Time of Crisis” * (posted on this site June 3, 2011)

A.Fitzgibbons, Keynes’ Vision * (Reserve)

Brian Snowdon & Howard Vane eds. A Macroeconomics Reader (Reserve)

Timothy Lewis, In the long run We Are All Dead: The Canadian Turn to Fiscal Restraint 

Joseph Stiglitz, Making Globalization Work (Reserve)

Joseph Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents(Reserve)

Joseph Stiglitz, The Roaring Nineties(Reserve)

William D. Cohan, Money and Power:How Goldman Sachs Came to Rule the World

Dean Baker, Gerald Epstein and Robert Pollin, Globalization and Progressive Economic Policy (Reserve)

Doug Henwood, Wall Street (Reserve)

L.Randall Wray, Understanding Modern Money:The Key to Full Employment and Price Stability (Reserve)

James Macdonald, A free nation Deep in Debt (Reserve)

J.C.Gilbert, Keynes’s Impact on Monetary Economics

  Harry G.Johnson, Macroeconomic theory and monetary policy,

Chicago: Aldine publishing, 1972.

Axel Leijonhufvud,On Keynesian Economics and the Economics of

Keynes,London: Oxford University press, 1968.
Gilles Dostaler, Keynes et ses combats, Paris:Albin Michel, 2005. (Also available in a new English language edition)
G.Boismenu &G.Dostaler, eds. La Theorie générale et le keyésianisme, Montreal:ACFAS, 1987.

Other Key Works:

Hyman Minsky, John Maynard Keynes (N.Y.:McGraw Hill, 2008);                        Stabilizing an Unstable Economy(N.Y.:McGraw Hill, 2008);   Can it Happen again:Essays on Instability and Finance (Armonk, N.Y.: M.E.Sharpe, 1982);  R.Dimand, The Origins of the Keynesian Revolution;  Charles Hessian, John Maynard Keynes: A Personal Biography of the Man Who Revolutionized Capitalism and the Way We Live;  Roy Harrod,John Maynard Keynes;  A. Hansen, A Guide to Keynes;  Fausto Vicarelli, Keynes:The Instability of Capitalism;  Paul Davidson,Post Keynesian Macroeconomic Theory;  R.Allen & G.Rosenbluth,False Promises: The Failure Of Conservative Economics;  Lars Osberg & Pierre Fortin, Unnecessary Debts;  D.Drache & R.Boyer,States Against Markets: The Limits of Globalization;  Thomas Palley; Plenty of Nothing: The Downsizing of the American Dream and the Case for Structural Keynesianism;  Adrian Ham, Treasury Rules: Recurrent Themes in British Economic Policy;  James Rock, ed. Debt and the Twin Deficits Debate;  Warren Young,Interpreting Mr. Keynes: The IS LM Enigma;  Peter Clarke, The Keynesian Revolution in the Making;  A. Carabelli, On Keynes’ Method;   J.A.Trevithick, Involuntary Unemploment:Macroeconomics From a Keynesian Perspective;  A.Asimakopulos, Keynes’ General Theory and Accumulation;  Victoria Chick, Macroeconomics after Keynes;  David Colander & Dewey Daane eds. The Art of Monetary Policy  Maurice Lamontagne, Business Cycles in Canada;  Frank Hahn, Money and Inflation;  William Greer, Ethics and Uncertainty:The Economics of John Maynard Keynes and Frank H. Knight;  Lydia & Maynard eds. Polly Hill&Richard Keynes;  Jan Marsh, Bloomsbury Women: Distinct Figures in Life and Art;  Quentin Bell, Virginia Woolf:A Biography;  Frances Spalding, Vanessa Bell;  Leon Edel ,Bloomsbury;  G.E.Moore, Principia Ethica ; Armand Van Dormael,Bretton Woods:Birth of a Monetary system;  Allan Meltzer, A History of the Federal Reserve ; Milton Friedman & Anna Schwartz,A Monetary History of the United States;  Milton Friedman,Capitalism and Freedom;  Lanny Ebenstein, Milton Friedman . Milton and Rose Friedman, Two Lucky People; James Tobin, Full Employment and Growth:Further Keynesian Essays on Policy.

Key Internet sites:  http://www.Statistics Canada; OECD; Eurostat; U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics;Statistics Canada;The Federal Reserve,European Union;D.Henwood’s Site; New York TimesThe Financial Times.The Hayek list. The post-Keynesian list; The Wall Street Journal; haroldchorneyeconomist

Evaluation: Students will be expected to make a presentation to the seminar, , complete a major paper and write a test.They will also be expected to be regular , informed and active members of the seminar. To be informed obliges one to do significant reading and attend the seminar regularly.  Presentation and participation – 20 % ;Essay – 40 %; Test – 40   % .

Topics Outline:

  1. Introduction and Overview.Why study the work of Keynes ? Contemporary economic orthodoxy. New technology and the business cycle. Globalization. The return of intervention and planning post 9/11, the New Orleans effect.The crash and  financial crisis,the recovery its origins and prospects.Financial derivatives, the collapse of Wall Street and TARP.Canadian versus American conditions. Stimulus and deficit finance and deficit hysteria. The Republicans rediscover Hayek and Ayn Rand.
  2. The macro-economic problem; The role of markets; laissez-faire and rational markets versus   economic regulation;Paul Volker’s critique of the new regulatory framework; the world of classical economics.The monetarist counter-revolution.The economics of full employment. Galbraith’s notions of countervailing power, the technostructure, corporate planning and the new industrial state.  The post modern age and the political economy of globalization and its impact upon policy making.An outline of an alternative model of market behaviour.OPEC and the theory of cartels.
  3. Say’s law and the question of unemployment; the question of wage rigidity.The labour market clearing model. Wage flexibility, the natural rate of unemployment and inflation, the problem of aggregate demand.Aggregate supply.
  4. Keynes before the General Theory:1. Keynes the quantity theorist;the Marshallian roots of Keynes. Keynes and Bloomsbury; The Economic Consequences of the Peace;
  5. Keynes before the General Theory: 2 Keynes and G.E.Moore, The Tract and The Treatise; The Essay on Probability, The Economic Consequences of Mr.Churchill,   his liberal vision. Uncertainty.
  6. The Fundamental Equations. the Treatise on money and the problem of inflation and unemployment. The death of inflation and the return of deflation? Cartels and futures markets and inflation.
  7. The Great Depression, Keynes and the General Theory; Michal Kalecki .Uncertainty and the investment process; the role of speculation. the asset backed commercial paper crisis and the work of Hyman Minsky. The Canadian American reception of Keynes. The New Deal.
  8. The General Theory: towards a synthesis; Keynes versus

Hayek and the classics. Keynes and Shaw and Marx. The origins of quantitative easing. the Treasury view and bond market revenge.

  1. Neo-classical economics

and the bastardization of Keynes. Samuelson,Meade, Harrod, Timlin, Hicks and the IS -LM. The neo-classical synthesis and its vulnerabilities in the age of stagflation.

  1. Stagflation, the re-emergence of monetarism, the deficit and public finance, what to do with the surplus.Keynesian policy in a federal state.
  2. Supply-side and rational expectations theory. The natural rate hypothesis. The natural rate of inflation versus the natural rate of unemployment.
  3. Post -Keynesian theory and policy;New Keynesian theory; Canadian macro-economic policy since the war.Technology and economic growth. Can we banish the cycle ?
  4. Rediscovering full employment.A look again at an alternative model to current orthodoxy.Integrating the natural rate of inflation, OPEC cartelization and interest rate policy. Capital versus current accounting in public finance. The conversion of the Bush Republicans to Keynesian technique and its impact upon policy making in the US. The Obama Democrats and the 787 billion dollar deficit financed stimulus. The Republican counter-attack and the conversion of the party back to Tea party fiscal conservatism;The Return of deficit hysteria. The Stiglitz- Krugman critique. the need for a second stimulus.The bond market.Harper’s cautious conversion to Keynesian deficits.  The road ahead.The economics of fuller employment.

Tentative presentation schedule:

HRC  Sept 3. Tarp and the crash. Keynes in the era of globalization.The current crunch over falling oil prices and the Canadian dollar. policy responses.Deficit hysteria and stimulus.

Sept. 10   On Wealth and income inequality and unemployment;    .Aspects of the macro-economic problem.The role of markets laissez faire and monetarism Globalization and post modernism., high tech and the dual labour market.

. Sept.17.  Say’s Law. the labour market clearing model and NAIRU and aggregate demand versus aggregate supply.

Sept.24 Keynes before the General theory. hrc

October 1.The treatise on money, the fundamental equations the problem of inflation and unemployment.Asset speculation.  Minsky..

Oct.8 Hyman Minsky and Michel Kalecki. financial markets speculation a post Keynesian approach. hrc Keynes Shaw and Marx. Latin American approaches. Keynes and Bloomsbury. Keynes vision;

Oct.15. QE Deficits and public finance . Keynes, Shaw and Marx. Keynes and Bloomsbury. Keynes’s vision continued.

October 24. arc further notes on deficit finance on crises and crashes. Keynesian policy in a federal state.hrc the Keynesian multiplier

Oct.22.  Post capitalism ? Keynesian macro economics in a globalized world

Oct. 29      Euro zone crisis .Brexit, Reagan and Thatcher and rise of neoconservative economics.  World Bank, IMF and Bretton Woods. The European union and NAFTA.Trade and full employment. The world bank and IMF need for reform.

Nov.5 The EU, Brexit and Nafta and Keynesian economics. IS LM and the distortion of Keynes.

Nov.12 IS LM and its distortions. Rationl expectations and irrational results.

Nov. 19 Inequality and wealth distribution and globalization.

Nov. 26   ,Monetarism and quantitative easing.Neo classicals and classicals versus Keynes. Impact on public policy. International development and the World Bank and the IMF. Full  and fuller employment in a post-Keynesian world.

Dec. 3 Review

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Fed keeps interest rate at current level: Debate emerges within it over wisdom of not cutting the rate.

The Federal Reserve has recently announced its FOMC decision to not cut or raise interest rates. But a necessary debate is beginning to emerge among Fed decision takers about the nature of disinflationary and even perhaps deflationary trends in the economy. The header at the Minneapolis branch Neel Kashkari has published an essay examining the risk of deflationary and disinflationary pressure and the apparent weakness of inflationary expectations as once again CPI inflation has failed to meet the 2 % target. There is little evidence that it will anytime soon. Excluding energy prices it is 1.6 % .Supporting his argument is work done by St.Louis Fed branch leader  James Bullard who also is warning that inflationary forces are very weak and are likely to continue to be for some time. The dissenters need to be encouraged and the careful reassessment of natural rate arguments accelerated to ensure growth and low unemployment continue. The other central banks including the Bank of Canada should take note of this debate.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Final two chosen Johnson and Hunt are the finalists Gove eliminated by two vote margin.

Boris Johnson. 160   Michael Gove. 75  Jeremy  Hunt  77.   Gove is eliminated and Johnson versus Hunt will be put to a vote of the Conservative party membership.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Javid eliminated in latest round Johnson wins 157 votes a majority of all Conservative MPs, Gove overtakes Hunt

The latest results are as follows: Boris Johnson 157; Michael Gove 61; Jeremy Hunt 59;

Sajid Javid  34. He is now eliminated and the vote to  choose the final two results to be announced in about a half hour.


Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Rory Stewart eliminated in third round of UK Tory leadership race

Third round results are as follows: Michael Gove 51 (up from 41); Boris Johnson 143 (up from 126) Jeremy Hunt 54( up from 47);Sajid Javid ( 38 up from 33); Rory Stewart 27 down from 37 . Stewart is eliminated. Votes needed to capture a majority of MPs 157. So Boris Johnson could accomplish this by winning 14 of the 27 Stewart votes, but that seems a bit unlikely since they disagreed so strongly on Brexit. Another possibility although also unlikely is for one of Gove or Hunt to withdraw and back the other and possibly also Javid to withdraw or be eliminated in the next round. This would free up a total of 116 votes . Assuming most of them go to either Hunt or Gove this would result in a very close contest between Boris Johnson and his leading opponent Gove/Hunt at least among Tory MPs.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Dominic Raab eliminated in round 2 voting in UK Conservative leader race

The results of round two leadership voting in the UK for the Tory leadership and Priministerial prize  are as follows. Each candidate needs 33 votes to continue into the third round.Former Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson 126, Current Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt 46, Environment Secretary Michael Gove 41 ,International Developmental Secretary Rory Stewart 37,  Home Secretary Sajid Javid 33 and Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab 30. Raab is now eliminated. Johnson has moved closer to the critical number of 157 which is the number of votes at a minimum to capture the majority of MPs in his camp prior to the popular party vote in the final round run off against whoever emerges as his final round opponent. Johnson would need to capture all of Raab‘s 30 votes to do it in the next round and one of the votes now sitting with the other candidates. One of the lower vote candidates like Javid or perhaps though less likely Rory Stewart also might drop out before the next round if they calculate they will be rewarded by Johnson. This would free up 100 votes for the next round from  Raab, Stewart  and Javid and the odds of Johnson winning at least 31 of them in the next round are much better.He won only 12 of the 50 freed up after the first round elimination and voluntary departure of Hancock. but if that trend continues he‘ ll come very close or win the prize by winning 31 of the 100 freed up votes. Second place will likely go to Hunt or Gove who will be the alternative choice in the party membership vote in the final round.

The BBC hosted a spirited debate with the five candidates this evening. the debate ranged over Brexit on October 31st;repairing the damage to social policy and education from Tory austerity policies and budget cuts; on tax policy and relieving poverty; on multiculturalism and Islamophobia and antisemitism in the U.K. and the Irish backstop, as well as other leading issues.Rory Stewart stood out as the only candidate who stressed that promising to leave without a deal was unacceptable and he committed to not doing this. He also called out the other candidates for their lack of honesty in promising  to leave if necessary without a deal if need be.

The diversity of the candidates  in terms of religious faith, background and ancestry was also revealing .It reflects the good progress of modern multicultural diverse Britain despite these difficult times. Johnson had a Moslem great grandfather, Jeremy Hunt is married to a Chinese  person and they have three children together .Javid is a Moslem whose father was a bus driver and Gove was adopted at a very young age by loving parents of moderate means. With five men but no women still in the race there is further progress to be made in the future.

Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Boris Johnson sweeps the field in round one of Tory leadership race in UK

Boris Johnson with 114 votes from his parliamentary colleagues -actually 113 since it is a certainty that Johnson voted for himself- has leaped into a commanding lead. Of the ten candidates 3 have now been eliminated and a fourth Matt Hancock with 20 votes has quit the race. The others eliminated because they had fewer than 17 votes were Andrea Leadsom 11 votes, Esther McVey 9, and Marc Harper 10. The second place was captured by foreign minister, Jeremy Hunt with 43 followed by Michael Gove with 37, Dominic Raab with 27  Sajid Javid with 23, and Rory Stewart with 19. According to the rules on the next ballot those who get fewer than 33 votes will be eliminated  Subsequent rounds are scheduled for June 19-20th  Candidates with the lowest vote are eliminated until there are only two left whose names will be on the ballot voted by all 160000 eligible party members  with the winner announced on July 22nd.But whoever places second will have a tough battle against Johnson who seems to be favoured by many British Tories for his style , rhetoric and posturing. If he is chosen his promise to accomplish Brexit by October 1st will be severely tested.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

UK Parliament narrowly rejects a Labour,Lib Dem and Green backed motion to rule out Parliament approving a crash out Brexit: vote is 309 against 298 for.

Held in the middle of a Tory leadership race that will choose the next prime minister the vote will probably cheer up Boris Johnson and other Tory leadership candidates who insist that Britain leave by October 31st deal or no deal. A major business group in Britain, the CBI has warned that such a crash out would do enormous harm to many large employers in the commercial and manufacturing sector costing thousands of jobs, as well as harming relations with the EU member states. Nevertheless Johnson and others who claim to be prudent conservatives continue to proclaim the wisdom of, if necessary, leaving without a deal and reopening the financial settlement by refusing to pay what they have agreed  to the EU upon departure, insisting on a better deal. The EU is probably not surprised but they are bound to be very unhappy with Johnson‘s rhetoric.The vote in Parliament was very close if six members had switched to the for position it would have won. There are more than that number of anti Brexit Tories who for the moment didn’t support the no crash-out motion but as the deadline draws closer  they are more likely to .Labour leaders promise to present further similar motions in the near future or move a motion of non confidence in whoever is chosen PM which looks likely to be a no dealer.

Posted in Brexit, European Union and UK, Uncategorized | Tagged | Leave a comment

Roof falls in for Tories in EU elections Labour also does poorly big wins forNigel Farage,Brexit party, also for Lib Dems

The results of the European election as of Monday May 27,2019 show the biggest winner is the new Brexit party headed by Nigel Farage the UK nationalist anti EU English politician. his party won 29 seats and got more than 5 million votes, out of the 17.2 million cast and over 31 % of the vote.The two major parties will be worried that this swing in the new party‘s favour might affect the next general election.

Somewhat behind but doing very well were the pro remain anti Brexit Liberal Democrats who won  3.4   million votes and 20.3 percent of the vote and 16 seats. The Labour Party won just 10 seats and over 2.3 million votes followed by the Greens who won 7 seats with 2 million votes. Then in fifth place the governing tory party with just 4 seats just ahead of the Scottish Nationalists with 3 seats and Plaid Cymru and the DUP with one seat each. Overall voters who voted for pro remain parties outnumber those who voted for Brexit parties . Since Labour sought to straddle the two positions some of its vote is pro Brexit and some pro remain but if they and the Tory vote are left aside the voters who voted remain parties significantly outnumber the Brexiteers . The Guardian estimates by a margin of 50 % to 47 % however the voter turnout  under 38 % is rather low compared to a general election or referendum so much is still unclear.For example the last general election in the UK had a turnout of just under 69 %.

Overall in the rest of Europe the two largest blocks the conservative Christian democrats and. the socialist social democratic bloc lost some ground to the Greens and the nationalist parties who each gained seats at the expense of the two largest parties. the Liberal coalition parties to which the Lib Dems belong also gained seats and will likely influence policy alongside the Greens who won 69 seats. In France Marine Le Pen‘s nationalist party edged out President Macron 22 to 21 seats.The Greens doubled their seat number to 12, France insoumise, a socialist ecologists anti globalization party won 6 seats and les Republicans a right coalition won 8 seats and the left coalition won 5 seats. Nationalist parties also did well in Sweden, Italy Hungary and Poland. In Germany the ruling CDU-CSU coalition won  29 seats, the Grune, Green party20 seats, the SPD 16 seats , the right wing nationalist AfD 11 seats, die Link the radical left  6 seats the FDP the free Democratic Party 5 seats with 7 smaller parties winning 1 or 2 seats each. The next few years will be an interesting test of the resilience of the centrist parties  against the onslaught of the more radical left and right nationalist parties.Governing will require lots of compromise.

In Italy the Northern League right wing won 28 seats and 33.4 % of the vote while the PD Democratic Party centre left 22% of vote won 18 seats and M5S five star party 14  seats  ,the FI7 Forza Italia 7 seats the FDI 5 a right wing party fratelli d‘Italia with a connection to a descendant of Mussolini and the SVP 1.

In Spain the PSOE-PSC  the Spanish socialist workers party won 20 seats; the PP the conservative popular party won 12 seats; the C‘s a liberal citizens party won 7 seats, the Catalonian coalition party won 6, another coalition party won 3 seats and Vox a right wing party won 3 seats.Two Catalan nationalist parties won 3 seats

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment