President Trump selects Jerome Powell as new Fed chair replacing Janet Yellen

In what may well turn out to be a controversial decision President Trump has broken with precedent and decided not to reappoint Janet Yellen to a second term as Fed chair despite praising her for her excellent work as chair. Yellen is a high powered Keynesian economist with a very strong academic background. Her chosen successor Jerome Powell has served on the Fed board for a number of years has a strong background in business, a former partner in the Carlyle Group a major investment company and is a trained lawyer. He lacks formal training in economics however. So for the first time in  37 years the new Fed chair will not be an economist. In the past one of the longest serving Fed chairs William McChesney Martin (1951-1970) who served five presidents from Harry Truman to Richard Nixon and one of the most influential Marriner Eccles (1934-1948) did not have degrees in economics. However, both were effective chairs.Martin had a background in Wall Street and had done graduate work in economics at Columbia university although his first degree was in English and Latin from Yale. Also his father helped write the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 and was later governor and then president of the Federal Reserve of St. Louis. In Eccles’s case  he was a very successful businessman and banker who in some ways independently anticipated the work of Keynes.

Powell has voted with Yellen on keeping interest rates low for as long as was needed to promote recovery. But he is apparently more sceptical of quantitative easing. So it remains to be seen if once he assumes the chair next February he seeks to accelerate the unwinding of the program which clearly has played an important role in healing the American economy after the crash.Unemployment is now 4.1 % and trending  slowly downward. It would be a mistake not to let this trend continue by prematurely raising interest rates.

Advertisements

About haroldchorneyeconomist

I am Professor of political economy at Concordia university in Montréal, Québec, Canada. I received my B.A.Hons (econ.&poli sci) from the University of Manitoba. I also completed my M.A. degree in economics there. Went on to spend two years at the London School of Economics as a Ph.D. student in economics and then completed my Ph.D. in political economy at the University of Toronto. Was named a John W.Dafoe fellow, a CMHC fellow and a Canada Council fellow. I also was named a Woodrow Wilson fellow in 1968 after completing my first class honours undergraduate degree. Worked as an economist in the area of education, labour economics and as the senior economist with the Manitoba Housing and Renewal Corporation for the Government of Manitoba from 1972 to 1978. I also have worked as an economic consultant for MDT socio-economic consultants and have been consulted on urban planning, health policy, linguistic duality and public sector finance questions by the governments of Manitoba, Saskatchewan,the cities of Regina and Saskatoon, Ontario and the Federal government of Canada. I have also been consulted by senior leaders of the British Labour party, MPs from the Progressive Conservative party, the Liberal party and the New Democrats on economic policy questions. Members of the Government of France under the Presidency of Francois Mitterand discussed my work on public sector deficits. I have also run for elected office at the municipal level. I first began to write about quantitative easing as a useful policy option during the early 1980s.
This entry was posted in Federal Reserve, full employment, Keynesian policy, quantitative easing, U.S., urban culture. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s